From our private database of 28,700+ case briefs...
Espinoza v. Farah Manufacturing Co.
United States Supreme Court
414 U.S. 86 (1973)
Cecilia Espinoza (plaintiff) was a Mexican citizen who lawfully resided in San Antonio, Texas, with her husband, Rudolfo Espinoza (plaintiff), a United States citizen. In 1969, Farah Manufacturing Co. (Farah) (defendant) rejected Cecilia Espinoza’s application to work as a seamstress, citing its longstanding company policy against hiring non-United States citizens. At Farah’s San Antonio division, 97 percent of seamstresses were of Mexican descent. The Espinozas exhausted their administrative remedies with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), and then they sued Farah in federal court, alleging that Farah violated Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 by discriminating against Cecilia Espinoza based on her national origin. The district court granted the Espinozas’ summary-judgment motion, holding that refusal to hire someone based on her lack of citizenship is a form of national-origin discrimination. The appellate court reversed, holding that Title VII’s prohibition against national-origin discrimination does not include citizenship discrimination. The United States Supreme Court granted certiorari.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Marshall, J.)
Dissent (Douglas, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 546,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Berkeley, and Northwestern—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students.Unlock this case briefRead our student testimonials
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students.Learn about our approachRead more about Quimbee
Here's why 546,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 28,700 briefs, keyed to 984 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.