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Ex parte Levitt
United States Supreme Court
302 U.S. 633 (1937)
While Hugo Black (defendant) was a United States senator, Congress passed a law permitting United States Supreme Court judges to receive a full pension upon retirement. Subsequently, Black was appointed to the Supreme Court. Albert Levitt (plaintiff) filed a motion with the United States Supreme Court, seeking a show-cause order requiring Black to explain how his appointment did not violate Article I, Section 6, of the Constitution, which prohibited a congressman from being appointed to any civil office for which Congress increased the pay while the congressman was in office. Levitt was a United States citizen and a member of the bar but otherwise did not provide evidence of how he was harmed by Black’s conduct.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Per curiam)
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