Logourl black
From our private database of 14,000+ case briefs...

Exxon Corp. v. Governor of Maryland

United States Supreme Court
437 U.S. 117 (1978)


Facts

The State of Maryland conducted a survey following the 1973 gas shortage and determined that petroleum producers and refiners had given their own service stations preferential treatment with respect to gasoline distribution and pricing over independently owned retail service stations. To combat this, Maryland passed a statute that prohibited producers or refiners from operating retail service stations within the state. Out-of state oil producers and refiners operate approximately 5 percent of the state’s retail stations, but no oil is produced or refined in the state. Exxon Corp. (Exxon) (plaintiff) brought suit against the Governor of Maryland (defendant) on constitutional and statutory grounds, arguing that the Maryland law impermissibly discriminated against interstate commerce and was preempted by federal policy. Other oil companies filed similar lawsuits. The trial court held that the statute was invalid, but the Maryland Court of Appeals reversed. Exxon then appealed to the United States Supreme Court.

Rule of Law

The rule of law is the black letter law upon which the court rested its decision.

To access this section, please start your free trial or log in.

Issue

The issue section includes the dispositive legal issue in the case phrased as a question.

To access this section, please start your free trial or log in.

Holding and Reasoning (Stevens, J.)

The holding and reasoning section includes:

  • A “yes” or “no” answer to the question framed in the issue section;
  • A summary of the majority or plurality opinion, using the CREAC method; and
  • The procedural disposition (e.g. reversed and remanded, affirmed, etc.).

To access this section, please start your free trial or log in.

Concurrence/Dissent (Blackmun, J.)

The concurrence/dissent section is for members only and includes a summary of the judge’s concurrence in part and dissent in part.

To access this section, please start your free trial or log in.

What to do next…

  1. Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.

    You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.

  2. Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.

    Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.

Here's why 175,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:

  • Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 14,000 briefs, keyed to 188 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
  • The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
  • Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
  • Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.