Logourl black
From our private database of 14,200+ case briefs...

Fairchild v. Hughes

United States Supreme Court
258 U.S. 126 (1922)


Facts

In 1920, Charles S. Fairchild (plaintiff), a member of the political action group The Constitutional League brought suit against the Secretary of State and Attorney General of the United States (defendants) in the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia to challenge the constitutionality of the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution. The amendment, also called the Suffrage Amendment, had not yet been passed, but proposed to give women the right to vote. At the time of the suit, 34 of the 36 states had ratified the amendment, and one of the two remaining states had just forwarded its resolution of approval to the Secretary of State. The proposed amendment was accompanied by a bill, requiring the Attorney General to enforce penalties of fines and imprisonment against anyone who refused to allow women to vote. The suit sought an injunction to prevent the Secretary of State from ratifying the amendment and to prevent the Attorney General from enforcing it. The suit alleged that the proposed Suffrage Amendment was unconstitutional because it would force states to allow women to vote even if the state constitution limited voting rights to men. The effect would be that all elections in which women voted would be invalid as violating the state constitution, thus taking away the rights of qualified voters. The Supreme Court of the District of Columbia dismissed the suit and the court of appeals affirmed. The United States Supreme Court granted certiorari.

Rule of Law

Issue

Holding and Reasoning (Brandeis, J.)

What to do next…

  1. Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.

    You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.

  2. Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.

    Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.

Here's why 252,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:

  • Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 14,200 briefs, keyed to 189 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
  • The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
  • Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
  • Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.