Faretta (defendant) was charged with grand theft in state court. Faretta had a high school education and requested that he be able to represent himself at trial. Initially, the trial judge, after warning Faretta of the dangers of representing himself, allowed Faretta to do so. However, at a hearing the judge later decided that Faretta did not have sufficient legal knowledge to represent himself. The judge then ruled that Faretta had not knowingly and intelligently waived his right to counsel and appointed him a public defender. The jury found Faretta guilty, and the judge sentenced him to prison.