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Farkas v. Williams

Supreme Court of Illinois
125 N.E.2d 600 (1955)

Farkas v. Williams


Albert B. Farkas died without a will, but certificates of stock in Investors Mutual, Inc. (IMI) were found in a safe-deposit box after his death. IMI held four declarations of trust that Farkas had executed and submitted with his applications to purchase the stock. The declarations of trust were identical except for the dates and provided that the stock certificates were to be issued in Farkas’s name, “as trustee for Richard J. Williams as beneficiary.” Williams (defendant) was an employee in Farkas’s veterinary practice for many years. The trust declarations also provided that Farkas, as settlor, was to receive all of the cash dividends during his lifetime and that he had the right to change the beneficiary or revoke the trust. As sole trustee, Farkas had the power to “vote, sell, redeem, exchange or otherwise deal in or with the stock” and the right as settlor to retain the proceeds of any sale or transfer. The declarations further provided that Williams, as beneficiary of the trust, would receive the assets of the trust upon Farkas’s death. However, the trust would be automatically revoked if Williams predeceased Farkas. Additionally, the declarations provided that any change or revocation of the trusts was not effective as to the IMI stock unless and until written notice was delivered to IMI. Farkas’s heirs-at-law (plaintiffs), acting as administrators of Farkas's intestate estate, asked the court to declare the declarations of trust testamentary. The heirs-at-law asserted that Farkas retained complete control over the trust during his lifetime. They further asserted that the trusts were invalid because they were not executed with the required formalities of a will, thus making the shares of IMI stock part of the intestate estate. The circuit court held that the trust declarations were testamentary and awarded the IMI stock to Farkas’s heirs-at-law because the trusts were not executed with the formalities required for valid execution of a will. The appellate court affirmed, and Williams appealed to the Supreme Court of Illinois.

Rule of Law


Holding and Reasoning (Hershey, J.)

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