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Flood v. Kuhn

United States Supreme Court
407 U.S. 258 (1972)


St. Louis Cardinals center fielder, Curt Flood (plaintiff), was unexpectedly traded to the Philadelphia Phillies without his consent. Although the Phillies offered Flood a $100,000 raise, he rejected the trade, declared himself a free agent, and filed suit against baseball Commissioner Kuhn (defendant) for violations of state and federal antitrust laws and a Thirteenth Amendment claim barring “involuntary servitude.” Flood’s main contention was the lawfulness of baseball’s “reserve” system. The district court rejected Flood’s claims and the court of appeals affirmed. Flood petitioned the U.S. Supreme Court to review the matter.

Rule of Law


Holding and Reasoning (Blackmun, J.)

Dissent (Marshall, J.)

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