Quimbee logo
DMCA.com Protection Status
From our private database of 17,300+ case briefs...

Florida v. Harris

United States Supreme Court
133 S.Ct. 1050 (2013)


Officer William Wheetley pulled over Clayton Harris (defendant) because Harris’s truck had an expired license plate. Wheetley noted that Harris was visibly nervous, unable to sit still, shaking, and breathing rapidly. Wheetley walked his K-9, Aldo, around the truck. Aldo was a German shepherd trained to detect narcotics. Aldo alerted at the driver-side door handle, signaling that he detected drugs. Wheetley discovered 200 loose pseudoephedrine pills, 8,000 matches, a bottle of hydrochloric acid, two containers of antifreeze, and a coffee filter full of iodine crystals, all ingredients for making methamphetamine. The State of Florida (plaintiff) charged Harris with possessing pseudoephedrine for use in manufacturing methamphetamine. Harris moved to dismiss the evidence found in his truck, alleging that Wheetley did not have probable cause to search the vehicle. The state introduced evidence regarding the training of both Wheetley and Aldo in detecting the presence of drugs. The evidence showed that they had completed significant training and specific courses regarding the detection of drugs and that Aldo performed well in training exercises. However, the state did not maintain complete records of Aldo’s performance in the field, like false positives. The trial court denied the motion to suppress, and Harris entered a no-contest plea that reserved his right to appeal the ruling. Harris appealed, and the Florida Supreme Court reversed, holding that the state must present field-performance records to establish a drug dog’s reliability. The state petitioned the United States Supreme Court for review.

Rule of Law


Holding and Reasoning (Kagan, J.)

What to do next…

  1. Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.

    You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 457,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.

  2. Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.

    Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.

Here's why 457,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:

  • Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 17,300 briefs, keyed to 984 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
  • The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
  • Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
  • Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.

Questions & Answers

Have a question about this case?

Sign up for a free 7-day trial and ask it

Sign up for a FREE 7-day trial