United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit
359 F.3d 24 (2004)
A Westerly, Rhode Island, resident named Nunzio Gaccione telephoned the police and informed them that he had just gotten into a fight with a man named Butch Corbin and that he heard Corbin was sending two black males to Gaccione’s house to possibly shoot him. The police dispatcher contacted Officer Darren Fiore (defendant) to respond to Gaccione’s home. After briefly speaking with Gaccione, Fiore sat in his patrol car about a half a mile away and watched for two black men in a gray vehicle as Gaccione had described. After seeing a single black man driving a gray vehicle, Fiore followed the car, activated his patrol car lights and signaled for the driver of the vehicle, Bernard Flowers (plaintiff), to pull over. Two other officers arrived, Michael Garafola (defendant), and Lawrence Silvestri (defendant) in separate patrol cars. Over the loudspeaker, Fiore ordered Flowers to show his hands through the driver’s side window, exit the vehicle, and walk backwards toward Fiore with his hands in the air. Each of the officers had their weapons drawn. Fiore frisked and then handcuffed Flowers and placed him in the back of the patrol car. At that point Garafola and Silvestri searched Flowers’ vehicle. Finding nothing, Fiore told Flowers about Gaccione’s report that two black men threatened him. Flowers angrily accused Fiore of racial profiling and then he and the officers left the scene. Fiore then drove by Gaccione’s home a couple of times and then left. Flowers filed a civil action against the officers and the Town of Westerly (collectively Defendants) pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 and several claims under state law. The district court granted summary judgment in favor of Defendants and Flowers appealed.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Stahl, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.
Here's why 237,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 14,200 briefs, keyed to 189 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.