A black woman, Mattie Ruth Floyd (plaintiff), brought a civil rights suit against white officer Marty Garrison (defendant), alleging that he used unlawful force in the shooting death of Jason Floyd. Before trial, Floyd requested that the jury pool be dissolved because there was only one black prospective juror in the pool of 40. The motion was denied. The jury found for Garrison, and Floyd moved for a new trial. The district court again denied Floyd’s motion. Floyd appealed to the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit, arguing that limiting the jury pool to registered voters violated the Jury Selection and Service Act of 1968 (the Act), 28 U.S.C. § 1861, et. seq., and the right of equal protection guaranteed by the Fifth Amendment.