Foley v. Connelie
United States Supreme Court
435 U.S. 291 (1978)
Under New York state law, no person shall be appointed to the state police force unless he or she is a citizen of the United States. Edmund Foley (plaintiff) was lawfully in the United States as a permanent resident and was eligible to eventually become a naturalized citizen. He applied for admission to be a New York state trooper; a position conditioned on the passage of several competitive examinations. However, New York state officials prohibited Foley from taking the police department examinations because Foley was not a citizen. Foley brought suit against Connelie (defendant) in federal district court on the grounds that the New York state law violated the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution. The district court upheld the law as constitutional, and Foley appealed to the United States Supreme Court.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Burger, C.J.)
Concurrence (Blackmun, J.)
Dissent (Marshall, J.)
Dissent (Stevens, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.
Here's why 166,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 13,800 briefs, keyed to 187 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.