United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit
265 F.2d 729 (1959)
Marvin Zahn (plaintiff) was riding in a car manufactured by Ford Motor Company (Ford) (defendant). Zahn leaned forward to retrieve a cigarette, and the driver of the car slammed on the brakes to avoid another car. Zahn’s head jolted forward into a sharp protrusion extending from an ashtray that was mounted on the dashboard. Zahn lost his eye as a result. Zahn sued for negligence, alleging that the protrusion should not have been there and had been caused by a dull cutting die in the manufacturing process. Ford argued that its inspection was reasonable in light of the foreseeable risk of injury. Specifically, Ford stated that a lost eye was not a reasonably foreseeable injury resulting from the defect. A Ford witness testified that the ashtray-inspection process was a sampling operation, in that Ford did not inspect every ashtray. A jury found in favor of Zahn and awarded him $26,350. Ford appealed.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Matthes, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.
Here's why 218,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 14,100 briefs, keyed to 189 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.