Friedman v. Rogers
United States Supreme Court
440 U.S. 1 (1979)
A Texas statute prohibited the practice of optometry under a trade name. It also requires that four of the six members of the State's regulatory board, the Texas Optometry Board, be members of the Texas Optometric Association, a professional organization of optometrists Rogers (plaintiff), a Texas-based optometrist, brought suit against Freidman (defendant), official of Texas Optometry Board in federal district court challenging the Texas statute as an unconstitutional violation of the First and Fourteenth Amendments. The district court held that the statute was an unconstitutional restriction of information under the First Amendment, and Friedman appealed to the United States Supreme Court.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Powell, J.)