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Friedman v. Rogers

United States Supreme Court
440 U.S. 1 (1979)


Facts

A Texas statute prohibited the practice of optometry under a trade name. It also requires that four of the six members of the State's regulatory board, the Texas Optometry Board, be members of the Texas Optometric Association, a professional organization of optometrists Rogers (plaintiff), a Texas-based optometrist, brought suit against Freidman (defendant), official of Texas Optometry Board in federal district court challenging the Texas statute as an unconstitutional violation of the First and Fourteenth Amendments. The district court held that the statute was an unconstitutional restriction of information under the First Amendment, and Friedman appealed to the United States Supreme Court.

Rule of Law

The rule of law is the black letter law upon which the court rested its decision. To access this section, start your 7-day free trial of Quimbee for Law Students.

Issue

The issue section includes the dispositive legal issue in the case phrased as a question. To access this section, start your 7-day free trial of Quimbee for Law Students.

Holding and Reasoning (Powell, J.)

The holding and reasoning section includes:

  • A “yes” or “no” answer to the question framed in the issue section;
  • A summary of the majority or plurality opinion, using the CREAC method; and
  • The procedural disposition (e.g. reversed and remanded, affirmed, etc.).

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