From our private database of 12,700+ case briefs...
Gantler v. Stephens
Supreme Court of Delaware
965 A.2d 695 (2009)
The board of directors of First Nile Financial, Inc. (First Nile) put the company up for sale in August 2004 and attracted interest from several firms. An offer from Farmers National Banc Corp. (Farmers) was ignored after Farmers stated that it would not retain the First Nile board if its bid were accepted. Cortland Bankcorp (Cortland) and First Place Financial Corp. (First Place) also made offers and submitted due diligence requests. William Stephens (defendant), First Nile’s chairman and CEO, did not inform the rest of the board of the due diligence requests. This caused Cortland to drop out of the bidding and First Place to reduce its bid. Ultimately the board rejected First Place’s offer and decided to pursue a privatization plan instead of a sale. Because the privatization plan involved changes to shareholder rights, it required shareholder approval. The board of First Nile submitted a proxy statement to the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) which disclosed that the each of the directors had a conflict of interest with respect to the privatization plan because, by virtue of their positions, they could structure the plan to their own benefit. The shareholders nonetheless voted in favor of the privatization plan. A group of dissident shareholders (plaintiffs) brought a derivative action against several First Nile directors (defendants), including Stephens. The complaint alleged that the directors breached their fiduciary duty by rejecting a valuable opportunity to sell the company. Three directors, constituting a majority that opposed the sale, were alleged to have had improper personal motives in rejecting First Place’s offer. All wished to preserve their positions. Director Kramer owned a heating and cooling company which did work for First Nile, which would presumably be lost in the event of a sale. Director Zuzolo was a principal in a law firm which likewise did work for First Nile. The trial court granted the directors’ motion to dismiss the complaint, on the grounds that (1) the business judgment rule shielded the directors from duty of care claims, and (2) the shareholder vote ratified the board’s actions and also served to shield the directors. The dissident shareholders appealed the dismissal.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Jacobs, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.
Here's why 119,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 12,700 briefs, keyed to 172 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.