General Telephone Co. v. Falcon
United States Supreme Court
457 U.S. 147 (1982)
General Telephone Co. (General) (defendant) denied Falcon (plaintiff) a promotion. Falcon claimed discrimination, and the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) issued a right to sue letter. Falcon sued in the United States District Court for the Northern District of Texas under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act (Title VII). The complaint was filed under Federal Rules of Civil Procedure (FRCP) Rule 23(b)(2) on behalf of Mexican-Americans who were or might be subjected to General’s discriminatory employment practices. Falcon requested certification of a class that included both employees and applicants, based on the court’s approval of “‘across the board’ attack[s]” on racially discriminatory employment procedures in Johnson v. Georgia Highway Express, Inc., 417 F.2d 1122 (1969). The court certified the class without a hearing. After trial, the court held that Falcon was discriminated against with respect to promotion, but not hiring. Conversely, the court held that the class was discriminated against with respect to hiring, but not promotion. The class was awarded $67,925.49 in damages. Falcon and General appealed to the Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit. The court of appeals remanded. The United States Supreme Court granted certiorari to consider the propriety of class certification for both applicants and employees.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Stevens, J.)