The police, responding to a domestic disturbance call made by his wife, arrived at Randolph’s (defendant) house. When the police arrived at the house, Randolph’s wife proceeded to tell them that Randolph used cocaine. The police asked for permission to search the home for evidence. Randolph’s wife gave consent but Randolph, who was present with his wife, refused. Based on the wife’s consent, the police proceeded to search the home despite Randolph’s objections and discovered cocaine in Randolph’s bedroom. Over Randolph’s objections, the cocaine was admitted into evidence at trial because, the court reasoned, Randolph’s wife had the authority to consent to the search. The court of appeals reversed and the state supreme court affirmed. The United States Supreme Court granted certiorari.