United States Supreme Court
22 U.S. (9 Wheat.) 1 (1824)
Ogden (plaintiff) received a license under New York state law to operate commercial steamboats on New York waters. Gibbons (defendant) was also given permission from the United States Congress to operate steamboats in those same waters in an effort to help regulate coastal trade. Ogden filed suit in the New York Court of Chancery to enjoin Gibbons from operating his boats in New York waters. Gibbons argued that he was operating his boats pursuant to an order of Congress, and that Congress has exclusive power under Article I, Section 8 of the Constitution to regulate interstate commerce. The New York Court of Chancery found in favor of Ogden and issued an injunction to restrict Gibbons from operating his boats. Gibbons appealed the case to the Court of Errors of New York, which affirmed the decision. Gibbons appealed to the United States Supreme Court.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Marshall, C.J.)
Concurrence (Johnson, J.)
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