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Gibson v. Cranage

Michigan Supreme Court
39 Mich. 49 (1878)


Facts

Gibson (plaintiff) solicited Cranage (defendant) to allow him to create an enlarged portrait of Cranage's deceased daughter. Gibson promised Cranage that he would have no obligation to pay for the portrait unless he was completely satisfied with the portrait. Gibson urged Cranage to proceed with the arrangement reaffirming that there would be no risk, since if Cranage did not like the portrait, he would not have to pay for it. Once the portrait was finished it was shown to Cranage who did not like it and refused to accept it. Although Gibson attempted to modify it to satisfy Cranage, the next day Gibson received a letter from Cranage stating that he was dissatisfied with the portrait, that he would not take it or a similar portrait and that he was canceling the order. Once Gibson received the modified portrait from the artist, he again approached Cranage to have him examine it. Cranage refused to look at or examine this portrait. Gibson commenced an action against Cranage to recover the contract price. At trial, Cranage again stated his dissatisfaction with the portrait. Gibson, alleging error in the lower court, appealed to the Supreme Court of Michigan.

Rule of Law

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Issue

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Holding and Reasoning (Marston, J.)

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  • A “yes” or “no” answer to the question framed in the issue section;
  • A summary of the majority or plurality opinion, using the CREAC method; and
  • The procedural disposition (e.g. reversed and remanded, affirmed, etc.).

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