Gonzalez v. City of Aurora

535 F.3d 594 (2008)

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Gonzalez v. City of Aurora

United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit
535 F.3d 594 (2008)

Facts

In the 2000 US Census, over 32 percent of the population of the City of Aurora (defendant) in Illinois identified as Hispanic. At the same time, only 16.3 percent of Aurora’s residents who were citizens and of voting age identified as Hispanic. Aurora’s city council was made up of 12 aldermen: two at-large seats and 10 single-ward seats. Sam Gonzalez (plaintiff) sued Aurora, alleging that Aurora’s ward boundaries violated § 2 of the Voting Rights Act of 1965 (the act) and must be redrawn so that the city’s Latino population was concentrated in three wards, each of which would be more likely to elect a Latino candidate. Such a realignment, argued Gonzalez, would be proportional to Aurora’s demographic makeup. The United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois determined that Aurora’s ward map and delegation of aldermen were constitutional. Gonzalez appealed.

Rule of Law

Issue

Holding and Reasoning (Easterbrook, C.J.)

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