Gratz v. Bollinger
United States Supreme Court
539 U.S. 244 (2003)
Gratz and Hamacher (plaintiffs), both Caucasians, applied for admission to the University of Michigan’s undergraduate program. Both were denied admission and filed suit in federal district court against Bollinger (defendant), a University of Michigan administrator, seeking to challenge the University’s admissions policy on the grounds that it violated the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. The challenged policy ranked applicants on a 150 point scale that accorded different point values to factors such as grade point average, test results, and personal achievements. However, an applicant automatically received twenty bonus points if he or she was a member of an underrepresented minority group, attended a predominantly minority or disadvantaged high school, or was recruited for athletics. Some applicants were flagged for additional personal consideration, but most were admitted solely based on the point system. The district court found that Bollinger violated Gratz and Hamacher’s right to nondiscriminatory treatment and issued an injunction prohibiting continued use of the admissions policy. The court of appeals reversed, and the United States Supreme Court granted certiorari.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Rehnquist, C.J.)
Concurrence (O’Connor, J.)
Dissent (Ginsburg, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.
Here's why 148,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 13,300 briefs, keyed to 182 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.