From our private database of 22,300+ case briefs...
Gray v. Kohl
United States District Court for the Southern District of Florida
568 F. Supp. 2d 1378 (2008)
The Florida School Safety Zone Statute (Act) prohibited certain conduct within 500 feet of school property. Section 2(b) prohibited a person from entering or staying in the protected zone during certain hours unless the person had legitimate business. Section 2(c) prohibited a person without legitimate business from staying in the protected zone after a school official asked the person to leave. School officials could only ask a person to leave if they reasonably believed that the person was going to engage in criminal conduct or harass students. A violation of either section was a second-degree misdemeanor. On January 19, 2007, Thomas Gray (plaintiff) led fellow members of a religious organization into the protected zone around Key Largo School to distribute Bibles. Following the religious organization’s protocol, Gray informed the local police department of the intended distribution two weeks before the distribution, notified a school official shortly before the distribution began, and instructed fellow members to remain on the public path across from the school during the distribution. After the distribution began, multiple members were arrested by an officer at the direction of Sheriff Richard Roth (defendant) and charged with violating the Act. Gray stopped distributing Bibles and, in April 2007, brought suit against State Attorney Mark Kohl (defendant) and Roth, alleging that the Act was unconstitutionally vague and therefore violated the Fourteenth Amendment’s Due Process Clause. Roth moved for summary judgment.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Moore, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 517,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Berkeley, and Northwestern—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students.Unlock this case briefRead our student testimonials
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students.Learn about our approachRead more about Quimbee
Here's why 517,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 22,300 briefs, keyed to 984 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.