Guinn v. United States
United States Supreme Court
238 U.S. 347 (1915)
Oklahoma amended its state constitution to require a voter to “be able to read and write any section of the Constitution of the state of Oklahoma” unless the voter was able to vote under any government before January 1, 1866. The United States passed the Fifteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, which prohibited the denial of suffrage to any citizen based on race, color, or previous conditions of servitude. In 1910, Black citizens were denied their right to vote in the Oklahoma general election based on the amendment to the state constitution. The United States prosecuted election officers in Oklahoma for unlawfully, willfully, and fraudulently conspiring to deprive certain Black citizens of their right to vote in violation of the Fifteenth Amendment. The lower court certified certain questions to the United States Supreme Court.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (White, C.J.)
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