Logourl black

Hague v. Committee for Industrial Organization

United States Supreme Court
307 U.S. 496 (1939)


In 1937, several members of the Committee for Industrial Organization (CIO) (plaintiff) gathered in Jersey City, New Jersey for a recruitment drive and other union activities. The plan involved canvassing city streets and parks to distribute materials to New Jersey citizens. Under the orders of Mayor Frank Hague (defendant), police seized the group’s materials and refused to allow the meeting to take place. Hague referred to CIO members as Communists and argued that he was enforcing a city ordinance that forbade gatherings of groups that advocated obstruction of government by unlawful means. CIO filed suit against Hague and several other city officials in federal district court on the grounds that the ordinance violated their First Amendment right to freedom of assembly. The district court found that CIO’s rights had been abridged by Hague’s conduct and held that the ordinance was unconstitutional. The United Sates Supreme Court granted certiorari.

Rule of Law

The rule of law is the black letter law upon which the court rested its decision. To access this section, start your 7-day free trial of Quimbee for Law Students.


The issue section includes the dispositive legal issue in the case phrased as a question. To access this section, start your 7-day free trial of Quimbee for Law Students.

Holding and Reasoning (Roberts, J.)

The holding and reasoning section includes:

  • A “yes” or “no” answer to the question framed in the issue section;
  • A summary of the majority or plurality opinion, using the CREAC method; and
  • The procedural disposition (e.g. reversed and remanded, affirmed, etc.).

To access this section, start your 7-day free trial of Quimbee for Law Students.

Here's why 90,000 law students rely on our case briefs:

  • Reliable - written by law professors and practitioners not other law students.
  • The right length and amount of information - includes the facts, issue, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
  • Access in your class - works on your mobile and tablet.
  • 12,195 briefs - keyed to 164 casebooks.
  • Uniform format for every case brief.
  • Written in plain English - not in legalese and not just repeating the court's language.
  • Massive library of related video lessons - and practice questions.
  • Ability to tag case briefs in an outlining tool.
  • Top-notch customer support.
Start Your Free Trial Now