Haines v. City of New York
Court of Appeals of New York
364 N.E.2d 820 (1977)
The City of New York (defendant) contracted with neighborhood citizens whereby New York agreed to construct a sewage system and treatment plant. The agreement required the city to extend the sewer lines when “necessitated by future growth and building constructions of the respective communities.” Over several years, the flow through the plant increased to the point where it was operating well beyond its capacity and excess flow was inadequately treated. Haines (plaintiff) owned an undeveloped tract of land on which he wished to construct residences, and he applied to the city for permission to connect these houses to the sewage lines. The city denied him, asserting that under the contract it was not obligated to expand the plant to increase its capacity. Haines sought declaratory and injunctive relief, maintaining that the contract was perpetual in duration and obligated the city to expand the plant or build a new one.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Gabrielli, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.
Here's why 166,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 13,800 briefs, keyed to 187 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.