Harris v. Itzhaki
United State Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit
183 F.3d 1043 (1999)
Anna Harris (plaintiff), an African-American woman, was a tenant in an apartment building owned by the Itzhakis (defendants). At the apartment building, the Itzhakis employed a tenant, Ms. Waldman, to serve as the building supervisor. She collected rents, screened potential tenants, and informed the Itzhakis of the conditions in the building. One day, Ms. Harris overheard Ms. Waldman stating that the Itzhakis preferred not to rent to African-Americans. Ms. Harris, being the only African-American in the building, informed a fair housing council of this statement. The council then sent two potential tenants to view the building. These potential tenants were similar in all aspects except for race. The Caucasian woman who visited the building was greeted with open arms and encouraged to rent an apartment. The African-American potential tenant was discouraged from renting an apartment, being told that the neighborhood was dangerous, the apartments were small, and told of extra charges, none of which was mentioned to the Caucasian potential tenant. After making the complaint, Ms. Harris was informed that Ms. Waldman did not receive two months’ rent from her. Ms. Harris insisted that she left the rent with Ms. Waldman, and was not given any warning about missing rent prior to her complaint to the fair housing council. Ms. Harris then brought this action stating that the Itzhakis discriminated against African-Americans in violation of the Fair Housing Act (FHA). The district court dismissed Ms. Harris’ claims. Ms. Harris then appealed to the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Hug, C.J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.
Here's why 170,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 13,800 briefs, keyed to 187 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.