Quimbee logo with url
From our private database of 14,500+ case briefs...

Harris v. Quinn

United States Supreme Court
134 S. Ct. 2618 (2014)


In Illinois, Medicaid recipients that would typically require institutional care are permitted to hire personal assistants (PAs) to provide that care in their home. These recipients are called customers and control most aspects of the employment relationship with the PAs, such as hiring, firing, and supervising. The PAs are paid by the State of Illinois. Illinois law permits collective bargaining through unions by public employees. If public employees are represented by a bargaining unit, such as a union, all those public employees, including nonmembers, are required to pay dues to the unit. In 2003, Illinois passed a statute declaring that PAs were public employees solely for the purpose of collective bargaining. Subsequently, SEIU Healthcare Illinois & Indiana (SEIU) (defendant) became the bargaining unit for Illinois PAs. These PAs paid more than $3.6 million per year in dues to SEIU. A group of PAs (plaintiffs) brought a class-action suit against SEIU, alleging that the requirement for non-members to pay dues to the union violated the First Amendment. The district court dismissed the claims, and the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit upheld the statutes. The PAs petitioned the United States Supreme Court for review.

Rule of Law


Holding and Reasoning (Alito, J.)

Dissent (Kagan, J.)

What to do next…

  1. Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.

    You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.

  2. Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.

    Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.

Here's why 269,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:

  • Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 14,500 briefs, keyed to 195 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
  • The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
  • Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
  • Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.