Hayes (defendant) was a suspect in a burglary-rape. After the police pulled a latent fingerprint from the victim’s bedroom door, the police went to Hayes’s home and spoke to him on the front porch. The officers told Hayes that he could voluntarily accompany them to the police station to be fingerprinted, or he would be arrested. After initially refusing, Hayes consented to go to the station because he did not want to be arrested. At the station, Hayes was fingerprinted, and his fingerprints matched the one from the victim’s bedroom. Hayes was formally arrested and charged with burglary and sexual assault. Prior to trial, Hayes filed a motion to suppress his fingerprints taken at the police station, claiming that the fingerprints were fruit of an illegal detention. The trial court denied the motion. Hayes was convicted, and the Florida District Court of Appeal affirmed. The United States Supreme Court granted certiorari.