John Hill (plaintiff) was admitted to the hospital for heart surgery. After the surgery, doctors ordered that Hill not be given the medication Heparin. Despite the orders, Hill was given Heparin, resulting in complications and the amputation of three of Hill’s limbs. Hill brought a medical malpractice suit against the four doctors who collaborated on Hill’s care while he was in the hospital. The doctors’ names were Lloyd, Csicsko, Ryan, and Rhinehart (defendants). The trial court granted Lloyd and Csicsko’s motion for directed verdict. The jury returned a verdict in favor of Ryan and Rhinehart. Hill appealed, arguing that the directed verdict for Lloyd and Csicsko prevented the jury from being able to consider the joint and several liability of all four doctors.