From our private database of 33,800+ case briefs...
Hirabayashi v. United States
United States Supreme Court
320 U.S. 81 (1943)
Following Imperial Japan’s attack on Pearl Harbor, President Franklin D. Roosevelt promulgated an executive order authorizing the creation of military zones in which the rights of people to enter, remain, or leave could be restricted by the Secretary of War. This was followed by an act of Congress imposing penalties for violations of military restrictions or orders issued under the authority granted by the executive order. A military order established an overnight curfew applying to citizens of Japanese ancestry in the military zone that encompassed the Seattle area. Hirabayashi (defendant), a Japanese American resident of Seattle who had never been to Japan, disobeyed the curfew and was convicted in district court of violating the act of Congress. He appealed, alleging violation of the Fifth Amendment in the form of racial discrimination.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Stone, C.J.)
Concurrence (Murphy, J.)
Concurrence (Douglas, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 606,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Berkeley, and Northwestern—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students.Unlock this case briefRead our student testimonials
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students.Learn about our approachRead more about Quimbee
Here's why 606,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 33,800 briefs, keyed to 984 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.