Quimbee logo
DMCA.com Protection Status

Hodel v. Virginia Surface Mining & Reclamation Association

452 U.S. 264, 101 S.Ct. 2352, 69 L.Ed.2d 1 (1981)

Case BriefRelatedOptions
From our private database of 28,500+ case briefs...

Hodel v. Virginia Surface Mining & Reclamation Association

United States Supreme Court

452 U.S. 264, 101 S.Ct. 2352, 69 L.Ed.2d 1 (1981)

Facts

After six years of hearings, Congress enacted the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMCRA) as a comprehensive regulatory scheme intended to protect the public and environment from harmful effects of surface coal mining nationwide. The statute explicitly recited that Congress found “many surface mining operations result in disturbances of surface areas that burden and adversely affect commerce and the public welfare” by causing erosion, floods, pollution, and hazards that degrade the quality of life in local communities and counteract natural-resource conservation efforts. The Virginia Surface Mining and Reclamation Association, Inc., 63 of its members, and four landowners (coplaintiffs) sued the Secretary of the Interior (defendant), who enforced the regulations. Virginia and the town of Wise, Va., (coplaintiffs) intervened. The lawsuit primarily challenged interim performance standards that SMCRA imposed on surface coalminers until states adopted their own regulatory programs, including measures like having to restore and revegetate mined areas, remove spoil, and minimize water-table disturbances. The claimants asserted multiple constitutional challenges, including that the regulations exceeded Congress’s Commerce Clause power and thus violated the limits set by the Fifth and Tenth Amendments. The district court enjoined enforcement of several key provisions, reasoning that they displaced states from traditional state functions and effectively took private property without just compensation. The Secretary appealed, and the Supreme Court consolidated the case with another raising similar issues and granted review.

Rule of Law

Issue

Holding and Reasoning (Marshall, J.)

What to do next…

  1. Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.

    You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 545,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Berkeley, and Northwestern—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students.

    Unlock this case briefRead our student testimonials
  2. Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.

    Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students.

    Learn about our approachRead more about Quimbee

Here's why 545,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:

  • Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 28,500 briefs, keyed to 983 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
  • The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
  • Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
  • Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.

Access this case brief for FREE

With a 7-day free trial membership
Here's why 545,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
  • Reliable - written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students
  • The right length and amount of information - includes the facts, issue, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents
  • Access in your class - works on your mobile and tablet
  • 28,500 briefs - keyed to 983 casebooks
  • Uniform format for every case brief
  • Written in plain English - not in legalese and not just repeating the court's language
  • Massive library of related video lessons - and practice questions
  • Top-notch customer support

Access this case brief for FREE

With a 7-day free trial membership