California Court of Appeal
48 Cal. App. 2d 635 (1941)
Horsman (plaintiffs) represent the estate of Emile Maden. Emile Maden was married to Marcella Maden (defendant) in 1914. During their marriage, the Madens acquired real property, stocks, and bonds. The property was held in both Mr. and Mrs. Maden’s names, the stocks were kept in a joint safety-deposit box, and the Madens shared joint bank accounts. In 1933, the Madens had marital problems, following which Mrs. Maden removed the stocks from the joint deposit box and put them in her own safety-deposit box. Mr. and Mrs. Maden tried to reconcile, but their efforts were unsuccessful. Mrs. Maden wanted to secure spousal support from Mr. Maden. On Mrs. Maden’s request, Mr. Maden transferred the stocks they had acquired during the marriage into Mrs. Maden’s name. Mr. Maden also provided Mrs. Maden with a deed to their home, transferring title into Mrs. Maden’s name alone. Although Mr. Maden told Mrs. Maden not to record the deed, Mrs. Maden recorded the deed in 1937. In 1939, Mr. Maden passed away and left a will declaring that the stocks and real property were community property. Mrs. Maden countered that the property was her separate property. Horsman sued to establish that certain items of property were part of Mr. Maden’s estate and were not considered Mrs. Maden’s separate property, because Mr. Maden intended neither to change those items into separate property nor to gift them to Mrs. Maden. At trial, the court refused to allow evidence of Mr. Maden’s declarations before and after he transferred the items of property to Mrs. Maden to determine what Mr. Maden’s intent was at the time of the transfer. The trial court granted Mrs. Maden’s motion for a nonsuit and dismissed the case. Horsman appealed the trial court’s judgment.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Spence, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.
Here's why 217,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 14,100 briefs, keyed to 189 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.