From our private database of 28,700+ case briefs...
Idaho Farm Bureau Federation v. Babbitt
United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
58 F.3d 1392 (1995)
The Bruneau Hot Springs Snail is a tiny species discovered in two hot springs along the Bruneau River in the 1950s. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) proposed listing the snail as endangered in 1985, claiming groundwater pumping had reduced the hot springs’ flow, all but eliminating the snail’s habitat. The FWS extended the comment period several times because of disagreement over data on the snail. Idaho senators asked the FWS to delay the listing until the FWS confirmed what was reducing flows, and Congress provided $400,000 to fund studies. A university study found 126 previously undiscovered snail colonies in springs along the same river. However, according to the United States Geological Survey (USGS), the same aquifer supplied all the springs, so depleting it posed the same threat to the whole species. The USGS conducted a second study to determine why the springs’ flows had declined and gave the FWS a provisional draft without releasing it to the public. In 1992, the Idaho Conservation League and Committee for Idaho’s High Desert (ICL/CIHD) sued the FWS to compel a final ruling. The FWS set another public comment period, but the published notice did not cite the USGS study. The FWS finally listed the snail as endangered based on the USGS data and report seven years after proposing the listing. The Idaho Farm Bureau Federation (plaintiff) sued Secretary of the Interior Bruce Babbitt and several FWS officials (defendants), claiming the FWS had not complied with required deadlines or procedure. ICL/CIHD intervened in the lawsuit. The district court set aside the FWS final rule listing the snail as endangered, and ICL/CIHD appealed.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Tang, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 546,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Berkeley, and Northwestern—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students.Unlock this case briefRead our student testimonials
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students.Learn about our approachRead more about Quimbee
Here's why 546,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 28,700 briefs, keyed to 984 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.