Idaho v. United States
United States Supreme Court
533 U.S. 262 (2001)
The Coeur D’Alene Tribe (Tribe) resided in the area now known as Idaho (defendant) before it was a state. The United States (plaintiff) attempted to negotiate the relinquishment of most of the Tribe’s land in exchange for a reservation. The original offer by the United States was rejected when it did not give the Tribe access to the waterways the Tribe’s members relied upon for fishing and sustenance, including the St. Joe River and Lake Coeur D’Alene. After additional negotiation, the United States redrew the reservation boundary lines to ensure parts of these waterways were included in the Tribe’s reservation land, subject to final approval from the Tribe. The Tribe agreed to the newly drawn reservation, but the reservation was not ratified by Congress. While the reservation was awaiting ratification, Congress passed an act admitting Idaho to statehood. Shortly after, Congress ratified the reservation agreement with the Tribe. The United States, acting on behalf of the Tribe, sued to quiet title to the submerged lands underneath the parts of the St. Joe River and Lake Coeur D’Alene located on the reservation. The United States and the Tribe argued that the lands belonged to the Tribe, while Idaho argued the lands were conveyed to it upon it becoming a state. The district court found in favor of the United States, as did the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. The United States Supreme Court granted certiorari.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Souter, J.)
Dissent (Rehnquist, C.J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.
Here's why 174,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 14,000 briefs, keyed to 188 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.