In re Grand Jury Investigation
United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit
918 F.2d 374 (1990)
Investigators suspected arson when a house that a black family had just purchased in an all-white neighborhood burned. Four neighbors lived next door: a married couple, the wife’s adult son from a previous marriage, and the son’s fiancée. All four sought counseling with a Lutheran pastor within days of the fire. The prosecution, suspecting that the neighbors conspired together in the arson and then discussed it with the pastor, subpoenaed the pastor to testify before the grand jury. After the pastor asserted the clergy-communicant privilege, the trial court refused to compel his testimony. The prosecution appealed, arguing that the fiancée’s presence at the pastor’s counseling sessions defeated the privilege.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Becker, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 724,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Berkeley, and Northwestern—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students.Unlock this case briefRead our student testimonials
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students.Learn about our approachRead more about Quimbee
Here's why 724,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 45,600 briefs, keyed to 983 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.