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In re Hale

Illinois Appellate Court for the Third District
436 B.R. 125 (Bankr. E.D. Cal. 2010)


Matthew Hale (defendant), a well-known and vocal racist who actively promoted white supremacy, applied for admission to the Illinois bar after passing the state’s bar examination. Hale was the head of the World Church of the Creator, an organization that promoted the ideals of Adolph Hitler and his ideas pertaining to racial superiority. Although Hale emphatically stated to the Committee on Character and Fitness that he would uphold the state and federal constitutions and not engage in discriminatory treatment of others based on race, the committee declined to approve Hale’s application. Hale appealed, arguing that the committee violated his First Amendment rights.

Rule of Law


Holding and Reasoning (McClintock, J.)

Dissent (Baxter, Member of Inquiry Panel)

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