Ronald B. Hunter (plaintiff) had a romantic relationship with Carrie Colaric. Colaric became pregnant. Hunter knew of Colaric’s pregnancy. Two days after the child, J.D.C., was born, Colaric consented to the child’s adoption. The child was placed with an adoptive family. Colaric named Hunter as the putative father, or the individual who the biological mother believes in good faith is the father of her child. However, Colaric had no contact information for Hunter. The adoptive family filed an adoption petition one month after J.D.C.’s birth. Hunter had failed to register for the Indiana Putative Father’s Registry, and thus, he did not receive notice of the petition. The adoption petition was granted. Hunter later filed a motion to vacate the judgment of adoption. The trial court denied Hunter’s motion. Hunter appealed.