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In re Providence Journal Co.
United States Court of Appeals, First Circuit
820 F.2d 1342 (1986), 820 F.2d 1354 (1987)
In the 1960s, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) tape-recorded prominent organized-crime figure Raymond L. S. Patriarca without a warrant. The FBI later destroyed the recordings but kept compiled logs and memoranda. After Patriarca’s death, the FBI gave the logs and memos to media outlets in response to Freedom of Information Act requests. Patriarca’s son Raymond J. Patriarca (plaintiff) sued the FBI and media outlets (defendants) to enjoin publication of the information. The next day, the court entered a temporary restraining order (TRO) blocking publication and set a hearing for three days later. Meanwhile, Providence Journal Company (the journal) published an article on Patriarca using the information to meet its publication deadline about eight hours later. The court ultimately vacated the TRO but found the journal guilty of criminal contempt for violating it while in effect, sentenced executive editor Charles Hauser to jailtime suspended on Hauser performing public service, and fined the journal $100,000. The journal and Hauser appealed. After a First Circuit panel issued its decision, the court granted a petition to rehear the matter en banc.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Wisdom, J.)
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