Shane T., a 14-year-old boy, lived with his mother, who was separated from Shane’s father (defendant). For several years, the father had verbally harassed Shane, calling him a “fag,” “faggot,” and “queer,” in both private and public. The taunting tormented Shane, causing him to cry and his stomach to knot. He asked his mother to intervene, but she failed to do so successfully and the harassment worsened. The father had a history of violent behavior, and the boy was in constant fear of him. Shane eventually entered therapy. The father claimed that his taunting was disciplinary in nature, in order to toughen the boy up. A proceeding was brought to designate Shane as an “abused child” under New York law. The family court considered the evidence.