Ingle v. Circuit City Stores, Inc.
United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
328 F.3d 1165 (2003)
When Catherin Ingle (plaintiff) applied for her job with Circuit City Stores, Inc. (Circuit City) (defendant), she was required to sign an arbitration agreement before her application would be considered. The arbitration agreement: (1) required arbitration for claims brought by an employee, but not for claims brought by Circuit City; (2) required claims to be brought by an employee within one year of when the claim arose; (3) prohibited arbitrators from consolidating multiple employees’ claims into one class action; (4) required an employee to pay a fee to Circuit City, rather than an arbitrator, when the employee requested arbitration; (5) required the employee to pay one-half of the costs of arbitration, and allowed the arbitrator to require the employee to pay Circuit City’s share of arbitration costs if the employee did not prevail on her claim; (6) limited the types of relief an arbitrator could award to an employee; and (7) gave Circuit City the sole authority to modify or terminate the arbitration agreement. Ingle later sued Circuit City for harassment and discrimination. The district court denied Circuit City’s motion to compel arbitration, finding that the arbitration agreement was unenforceable because it conditioned Ingle’s employment on her agreement to give up her statutory rights and remedies. Circuit City appealed.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Pregerson, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.
Here's why 176,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 14,000 briefs, keyed to 188 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.