In 1995, Leon Currie contacted attorney Oscar Jones (defendant), telling Jones that he had negotiated with the Nigerian government to build a pipeline. Currie told Jones he needed to raise an additional $5,000 dollars to pay a risk-insurance premium before he could collect the $25.3 million owed to him. Currie asked Jones to secure a lender, and told Jones that if Jones were successful, Currie would purchase a $2 million annuity for him. Jones did not attempt to verify Currie’s representations. Jones tried to secure the loan from several American banks, all of which refused, citing serious risk concerns in transactions involving the Nigerian government. Several individuals also declined to provide the loan. In May 1997, Jones contacted Delbert Jones, a former client of Jones’s. Jones told Delbert that Currie would repay him $15,000 within 30 days if Delbert provided the $5,000 loan. Jones did not, however, tell Delbert that a number of banks and individuals had already declined to loan the money because of the risk involved. Jones also did not inform Delbert of Currie’s promise to purchase Jones an annuity if he successfully secured a lender. Jones represented to Delbert that he could trust Currie. Based on Jones’s statements, Delbert borrowed the money from his credit union and forwarded it to Currie. Jones then signed a promissory note payable to Delbert on Currie’s behalf. Delbert never received the money promised. After receiving two extensions on the loan, Delbert paid it off plus interest. The Iowa Supreme Court Board of Professional Ethics and Conduct (plaintiff) charged Jones with violations of the Iowa Code of Professional Responsibility. The grievance committee recommended a formal reprimand of Jones. The Iowa Supreme Court reviewed the case to determine appropriate disciplinary action.