Iowa v. Heinrichs

845 N.W.2d 450 (2013)

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Iowa v. Heinrichs

Iowa Court of Appeals
845 N.W.2d 450 (2013)

Facts

During a traffic stop, police found a pipe and packet of synthetic marijuana in Cody Heinrichs’s (defendant) possession. Heinrichs had purchased the packet at a liquor store. The packet was labeled 100% Pure Evil and indicated that the contents, known as K-2, were not to be consumed. Heinrichs was arrested and charged with possession of a controlled substance. The definition of a controlled substance included tetrahydrocannabinol from a Cannabis plant, synthetic equivalents, and derivative products with similar chemistry and effect, including several specific isomers listed as examples. Heinrichs was convicted of possession of a controlled substance. Heinrichs appealed, arguing that the definition of controlled substance violated the vagueness doctrine because the definition did not put Heinrichs on notice that possession of synthetic marijuana was unlawful due to the definition’s use of scientific language and lack of references to 100% Pure Evil or K-2.

Rule of Law

Issue

Holding and Reasoning (Tabor, J.)

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