Jinro America, Inc. v. Secure Investments, Inc.
Unites States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
266 F.3d 993 (9th Cir. 2001)
Jinro America, Inc. (Jinro) (plaintiff) sued Secured Investments, Inc. et al. (defendants) for breach of contract, fraud and racketeering arising from the failure of a business deal in the international trade for frozen chickens. The defendants claimed that the deal was a sham. At trial, over Jinro’s objections, defendants introduced a purported expert witness, David Herbert Pelham, on Korean business practices, particularly Koreans’ tendency to engage in fraudulent activity. Pelham was a private investigator living in Korea who had provided commercial security for various non-Korean companies doing business in Korea. Pelham had not investigated Jinro or had any direct contact with Jinro. Pelham testified how Korean businessmen behaved in general and that oral contracts with Koreans would go badly for the parties to the contract. Pelham based his conclusions on newspaper articles and unspecified information from his office staff. A jury found for the defendants, and the district court sua sponte entered judgment against Jinro. Jinro appealed.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Fisher, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.
Here's why 168,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 13,800 briefs, keyed to 187 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.