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Johnson v. Montgomery County Sheriff’s Department
United States District Court for the Middle District of Alabama
99 F.R.D. 562 (1983)
Lois Johnson (plaintiff) filed a Title VII sex-discrimination case against her employer, Montgomery County Sheriff’s Department, and its officials (department) (defendants) in a federal district court in Alabama. Johnson alleged that the department discriminated against women in hiring, promotions, and transfers. Department policy assigned all new female employees to the jail, which was one of three primary divisions in the department and was limited to no more than six female deputies at a time. Female jail employees were only transferred or promoted when a female applicant was hired. Johnson alleged that under this policy, females were passed over while less-qualified males were hired, promoted, or transferred. Johnson moved for class-action certification under Federal Rules of Civil Procedure 23(a) and 23(b)(2), and she sought declaratory and injunctive relief, plus back and future pay for herself and the putative class. Johnson’s across-the-board putative class included all past, present, and future female employees of the department, including all present and future female applicants.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Thompson, J.)
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