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Johnson v. Robison

United States Supreme Court
415 U.S. 361 (1974)


Facts

Robison (plaintiff), a conscientious objector during the Vietnam War, made a claim for educational assistance benefits under the Veterans’ Readjustment Act of 1966. The Veterans’ Administrator (defendant) denied his claim because as a conscientious objector, Robison had served only two years of alternative service and had not fulfilled the statutory requirement of “active duty”. Robison filed suit, claiming that the active duty requirement violated his right to equal protection under the Fifth Amendment and right to religious freedom under the First Amendment. The Veterans’ Administrator argued that Robison’s claim should be dismissed under § 211(a) of the Veterans’ Readjustment Act because it bars federal courts from deciding the constitutionality of veterans’ benefits legislation. Section 211(a) states that “the decisions of the Administrator on any question of law or fact under any law administered by the Veterans’ Administration providing benefits to veterans…shall be final and conclusive and no…court of the United States shall have power or jurisdiction to review any such decision…”

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Issue

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Holding and Reasoning

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  • A “yes” or “no” answer to the question framed in the issue section;
  • A summary of the majority or plurality opinion, using the CREAC method; and
  • The procedural disposition (e.g. reversed and remanded, affirmed, etc.).

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