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Kastigar v. United States

United States Supreme Court
406 U.S. 441 (1972)


Kastigar v. United States

Facts

The Central District of California subpoenaed Kastigar and another (defendants) for a grand jury hearing. The government granted the defendants immunity under 18 U.S.C. § 6002, which provides immunity from the use of the compelled testimony and any evidence derived from that testimony in any criminal case other than a prosecution for perjury, making a false statement, or some other failure to comply with the order to testify. The defendants argued that the immunity granted was not as broad as the privilege against self-incrimination and could not justify compulsion of their testimony. The district court rejected these arguments and ordered the defendants to testify. When the defendants refused, the district court found them in contempt and ordered them to remain in the Attorney General’s custody until they testified or the grand jury expired. The United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit affirmed. The United States Supreme Court granted certiorari to address whether a witness's testimony may be compelled by the grant of use-and-derivative-use immunity (i.e., immunity from the use of the compelled testimony and any evidence derived from that testimony) or whether a grant of transactional immunity (i.e., immunity from prosecution for offenses related to the compelled testimony) is required to compel testimony normally protected by the Fifth Amendment privilege against self-incrimination.

Rule of Law

Issue

Holding and Reasoning (Powell, J.)

Dissent (Douglas, J.)

Dissent (Marshall, J.)

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