United States Supreme Court
379 U.S. 294 (1964)
In 1964, Congress passed the Civil Rights Act (CRA). Title II of the CRA forbids racial discrimination by places of public accommodation such as hotels and restaurants. The McClungs (plaintiffs) owned and operated Ollie’s Barbecue in Birmingham, Alabama and refused to serve African American customers. Approximately half of the food served by the restaurant moved in interstate commerce. The McClungs sued Katzenbach (defendant), the United States government actor responsible for enforcing the act, to enjoin the act's enforcement against the McClungs. The action was brought in federal district court. The district court issued an injunction preventing enforcement of the Act against the McClungs. The United States government appealed. This case was decided by the United States Supreme Court along with Heart of Atlanta Motel, Inc. v. United States, 379 U.S. 241 (1964).
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Clark, J.)
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