Kramer v. Union Free School District
United States Supreme Court
395 U.S. 621 (1969)
Section 2012 of the New York Education Law provided that in certain New York school districts, residents who were otherwise eligible to vote in state and federal elections could vote in the school district election only if they owned or leased taxable property within the district and were parents or had custody of children enrolled in the local public schools. Kramer (plaintiff), a bachelor who did not own or lease taxable real property, filed suit against Union Free School District (UFSD) (defendant) in federal district court on the grounds that § 2012 denied him equal protection of the laws in violation of the Fourteenth Amendment. The district court upheld § 2012 as constitutional, and Kramer appealed to the United States Supreme Court.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Warren, C.J.)
Dissent (Stewart, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.
Here's why 170,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 13,800 briefs, keyed to 187 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.