Charles Dolan (defendant) was the general partner of Cablevision Programming Investments (CPI), a limited partnership. The articles of the limited partnership stated that the partnership would seek to make cash distributions to partners annually “in an amount approximating the amount of taxable income reflected each year,” but that other obligations may prevent such distributions. The articles granted Dolan the sole, broad discretion to determine whether such distributions would be made. In 1985, the partnership earned over $34 million. In 1986, the partnership earned approximately $18 million. The partners were required to report their prorated portions of those earnings on their personal income tax returns. Dolan made only nominal cash distributions to the partners in these years, thus requiring the partners to pay their partnership tax obligations with their personal money, as opposed to the partnership income that created the tax obligations. In November 1986, Cablevision Systems Corporation (CSC), an affiliate that Dolan owned, offered to buy out the limited partners’ interests for approximately two-thirds of their book values. Joel Labovitz and most of the other CPI limited partners (plaintiffs) accepted, but then brought suit claiming that Dolan breached his fiduciary duty to the limited partners. The circuit court found that it could not inquire into the fairness of the buyout transactions due to the discretion the articles granted Dolan. The circuit court thus dismissed the complaint. Labovitz appealed.