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Local No. 93, International Association of Firefighters, AFL-CIO v. City of Cleveland

478 U.S. 501 (1986)

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Local No. 93, International Association of Firefighters, AFL-CIO v. City of Cleveland

United States Supreme Court

478 U.S. 501 (1986)

Facts

In 1975, the City of Cleveland Fire Department (the city) (defendant) was found to have discriminated against minorities in its hiring practices and entered into a consent decree requiring certain hiring quotas. In 1980, minority firefighters sued the city alleging further discrimination in promotions, and the city entered into another consent decree that included certain promotional goals. For instance, the city agreed that half of the available promotions to lieutenant would be filled with minority employees. Local No. 93 (the union) (plaintiff), representing the firefighters, intervened and objected to the consent decree. The district court entered the consent decree, and the court of appeals affirmed. The union appealed to the United States Supreme Court, arguing that the consent decree provided impermissible race-conscious relief for individuals who were not actual victims of discrimination in violation of § 706(g) of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

Rule of Law

Issue

Holding and Reasoning (Brennan, J.)

Dissent (Rehnquist, J.)

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