From our private database of 14,100+ case briefs...
Lofton v. Secretary of the Department of Children and Family Services
United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit
358 F.3d 804 (2004)
Steven Lofton (plaintiff), a pediatric nurse with substantial experience caring for HIV patients, raised three Florida foster children who had tested positive for HIV at birth. Lofton sought to adopt one of the children, John Doe (plaintiff). By statute, the state of Florida prohibited adoptions by persons who participated in “current, voluntary homosexual activity.” On Lofton’s adoption application, he did not answer the question about his sexual orientation nor did he identify his live-in partner, Roger Croteau. Lofton’s adoption application was denied on the basis of the homosexuality prohibition. The Florida Department of Children and Family Services (DCF) (defendant) offered to allow Lofton to be named Doe’s legal guardian. Lofton declined. Guardianship status would jeopardize Doe’s Medicaid eligibility and would extinguish Lofton’s foster payments, consequences that Lofton was unwilling to accept unless guardianship was an interim step toward permanent adoption. He and Doe brought suit, along with four other plaintiffs, against DCF. Plaintiffs’ suit was unsuccessful in the trial court. They appealed.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Birch, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.
Here's why 220,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 14,100 briefs, keyed to 189 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.